Dove inizia il futuro

«Guardi, forse il Papa è più avanti di tutti. Non avrà presente i dettagli delle tecnologie, ma di sicuro ha chiaro che l’ambiente è il problema. Lì ci giochiamo il futuro».

È molto netto nelle sue affermazioni padre Philip Larrey, 57 anni, preside della Facoltà di Filosofia alla Pontificia Università Lateranense. Californiano di Mountain View “sono nato lì quando c’era solo una base dell’aeronautica, ora l’ha comprata Google”. Non è però solo per una questione di bandiere e appartenenza se, oltre a essere un sacerdote cattolico, è anche un grande esperto di tecnologiedigitale e Intelligenza artificiale.

Temi che lo hanno portato a partecipare alle ultime edizioni del World Economic Forum a Davos, simposio che ogni inverno raccoglie manager, intellettuali e politici ai massimi livelli, e a pubblicare Dove inizia il futuro, una carrellata di interessanti interviste, con alcuni dei protagonisti di un mondo che sta cambiando in fretta. Si va da Eric Schmidt, tra i boss di Google, a Don Norman, guru del design hi-tech; da Bill Shores, pioniere del cellulare, ad Anders Sandberg, cervello del Future of Humanity Institute a Oxford. Oltre questo si occupa, tra l’altro, di comunicazione, nucleare, sicurezza informatica.

D: Temi che hanno nessi sempre più evidenti con quel problema che sta tanto a cuore al Papa…

R: Il creato, la nostra casa comune, come la chiama lui. Ha ragione. Occuparsene, per chi segue questi temi, è fondamentale.

D: Perché?

R: Gli aspetti più controversi nell’uso delle tecnologie digitali sono legati alla società, più che all’ambiente. E sono i problemi di cui si discute da un bel po’. Quelli che, per fare un esempio, emergono in The Social Dilemma, il nuovo documentario di Netflix che fa vedere tutto il lato oscuro dei social media, ha presente? La dipendenza dalla Rete, l’impatto sulle famiglie. Sono effetti palesi e anche a livello filosofico l’impatto è profondo. Ormai si parla di transumanesimo, di impianti cerebrali, di fusione tra uomo e macchine. Ma pure il fattore ambientale sta guadagnando molto spazio tra chi studia queste cose. Vedo manager e aziende molto sensibili all’argomento. C’è tutto un movimento che si occupa del rapporto tra ecologia e tecnologia, tra Green e Blue, come li chiama Luciano Floridi, il filosofo di Oxford, con un’espressione sempre più usata. È diventato anche un progetto editoriale, per Repubblica…

D: Quali sono i punti più controversi, secondo lei?

R: Alcuni li sottolineava proprio Floridi, nell’intervista che ha fatto per voi. Secondo me è indicativa. In sostanza, ricorda che non è tutto oro quello che luccica. L’Intelligenza artificiale, per dire, richiede una quantità industriale di elettricità, quindi di fonti di energia. Certo, promette aumenti di efficienza, ma intanto assorbe risorse. Si veda l’esempio di DeepMind, il progetto di intelligenza artificiale di Google, che ha creato un algoritmo per ottimizzare i consumi nei Data Center. L’uso di certe tecnologie non significa di per sé un vantaggio per l’ambiente, è un investimento sul futuro. Ma saremo dipendenti dal petrolio ancora per anni.

Vedo manager e aziende molto sensibili al fattore ambientale. C’è tutto un movimento che si occupa del rapporto tra ecologia e tecnologia, tra Green e Blue

D: Però proprio il World Economic Forum, due anni fa, ha prodotto un documento interessante: Harnessing Artificial Intelligence for the Earth (Sfruttare l’Intelligenza artificiale per la Terra). Si fanno parecchi esempi di circoli virtuosi tra digitale e sostenibilità: le auto a guida autonoma che ottimizzano mobilità e consumi; il miglioramento dello stoccaggio e della circolazione di elettricità; l’analisi dei dati in agricoltura per ridurre l’uso di acqua e pesticidi. Tutto già in atto e grazie alle nuove tecnologie.

R: Quel testo è del 2018 e due anni in questo settore sono tanti. Ma l’inquadratura è buona. Sono esempi significativi. E ce ne sono molti altri. Le macchine elettriche per esempio, che inquinano quasi zero. O meglio: l’elettricità devi produrla e anche per costruire le batterie serve una spesa energetica non indifferente, ma il vantaggio è grande. Poi c’è il fotovoltaico. Il sole è lì per tutti, ed è gratis. La tecnologia che lo trasforma in energia utilizzabile è ancora poco economica, ma la prospettiva è quella. Uno scienziato di Bridgestone, l’azienda di pneumatici, tempo fa mi spiegava come usano le nanotecnologie per catturare in piccole cellule l’energia solare, e ne producono tanta.

Di recente sono stato a Sassuolo, il polo italiano delle piastrelle in ceramica. Il manager di una grande azienda di lì mi raccontava di come l’intelligenza artificiale ormai gli permetta di automatizzare anche la pulizia della polvere, che nella lavorazione della ceramica è un problema enorme. Vuol dire risparmiare energia, acqua e potenziale inquinamento. Certo, l’altra faccia della medaglia è che hanno fatto perdere parecchi posti di lavoro.

D: Non è un problema da poco… 

R: Vero e chiede soluzioni anche quello. Ma il punto è che la tecnologia non è la soluzione definitiva. Offre strumenti che non avevamo, può suggerire strade nuove e modi più intelligenti di usare le risorse, ma troppo spesso, pur avendo in mano indicazioni e dati precisi, non li seguiamo. Il problema non è più la mancanza di informazioni: è la volontà reale di affrontare certe questioni. Come ricorda sempre il Papa, è l’uomo a essere decisivo. La tecnologia sarà utile nella misura in cui le permettiamo di esserlo. E devo dire che certe volte, di fronte al modo in cui si affrontano, o non si affrontano, certi problemi, viene quasi da chiedersi se il mondo non sarebbe migliore guidato da un’Intelligenza artificiale.

D: Addirittura…

R: È un paradosso, chiaro. Ma troppo spesso la politica va dalla parte opposta rispetto alla ragionevolezza. Oggi ce lo siamo dimenticato, perché ci sono altre urgenze, ma pochi mesi fa, con lo scontro tra Usa e Corea del Nord, è tornato d’attualità il rischio nucleare. Ecco, in casi del genere un sistema di Intelligenza artificiale potrebbe dare indicazioni utili. Basta impostare certi parametri: “cerca di tirare fuori una politica internazionale che faccia il bene a più persone possibile. Una guerra nucleare non è un bene per l’umanità, quindi evitala…” Ed ecco una bella razionalizzazione globale: non sarebbe una cosa negativa, no?

D: Mancherebbe l’uomo.

R: Appunto, è lì che volevo arrivare. L’Intelligenza artificiale, da un lato dipende dai programmi che scrivi, da come la imposti, dall’altro, ti dà indicazioni che poi sta a te seguire. Può tirare fuori delle linee guida sulla lotta all’inquinamento e al cambiamento climatico, ma tocca a noi metterle in pratica.

D: Però è indiscutibile che su questi temi ci sia una sensibilità molto più grande, adesso. Qualche anno fa a Davos non si sarebbe parlato di questi temi e con questa profondità. Non vuol dire che si aprono nuove possibilità nel rapporto tra blu e verde?

R: Sì, ma io, forse perché sono un docente di filosofia, vado a monte e dico: qual è il desiderio umano che finisce per fare danni all’ambiente? L’avarizia? La mancanza di attenzione a come le nostre azioni impattano sul mondo? L’ineguaglianza nella distribuzione delle ricchezze? Sono questi i punti decisivi. La tecnologia può aiutare, ma se non c’è la volontà è inutile.

D: Accennava al Papa. Anche lì c’è un esempio di presa di coscienza molto rilevante. Francesco sta insistendo parecchio sulla salvaguardia del Pianeta. Parla di ecologia integrale, ricorda che tutti i problemi sono connessi e non si possono trattare separatamente. Come giudica questa sottolineatura? La Chiesa, secondo lei, è all’avanguardia o in ritardo su questi argomenti?

R: La Chiesa non lo so, ma il Papa lo è di sicuro. L’ambiente è uno dei suoi temi di fondo, assieme alla povertà, alla mancanza di uguaglianza, all’immigrazione. Per motivi che non c’entrano nulla con le aziende, il Papa ha individuato il fattore di rischio più grande della nostra società. In tanti lo guardano come un punto di riferimento. Penso a Larry Fink, l’amministratore delegato di Blackrock, uno dei maggiori fondi di investimento globali. Negli ultimi due anni ha scritto due lettere agli shareholders, che poi sono state studiate dai delegati di Davos: entrambe di appoggio ai testi del Papa sul tema ecologico e sul bene comune. Ha detto che Blackrock non farà più investimenti in aziende che fanno male all’ambiente. E ha partecipato con il Papa e il cardinale Turkson all’incontro con i dirigenti delle aziende petrolifere, due anni fa in Vaticano. Certo, è un cammino lungo, non si cambia da un giorno all’altro, ma è un dato di fatto che Francesco sta creando una coscienza più grande. Ed è urgente, perché i problemi viaggiano in fretta.

Il business è importante. Ma anzitutto occorre proteggere il pianeta. È l’unico che abbiamo, per ora...

D: In che senso?

R: Se parli con le aziende di assicurazioni, ormai ti dicono che il loro problema principale è assicurare contro i disastri naturali e i danni da cambiamento climatico. Un grande manager di una delle maggiori compagnie del settore, giorni fa, mi diceva che devono assicurare il porto di Miami. È uno dei più importanti d’America, ci passano miliardi di dollari di merci e decine di migliaia di turisti. Sa qual è la cosa che temono di più? La crescita del livello del mare. “Se si alza anche solo di 3 o 4 pollici è un disastro”, mi diceva. Oppure, pensi a quello che succede ormai ogni anno nella mia California.

D: Gli incendi?

R: Esatto. È uno scempio ecologico immenso, che non finisce quando hai spento le fiamme. I roghi dipendono in gran parte dal cambiamento climatico. Ma non è solo quello. In California, una delle cause principali è che le infrastrutture della PG&E, la maggiore azienda di forniture elettriche, sono obsolete. Non reggono più. E sostituirle costa tantissimo. Bene: per evitare di spendere, hanno causato talmente tanti danni che quell’azienda è arrivata alla bancarotta. Anche lì, se ci pensa, è significativo: il rischio più grande per un’azienda di quel genere è il danno ecologico, ma la cosa più intelligente che si possa fare è prevenirlo. Se hai a cuore l’ambiente, prima dei soldi, forse fai una decisione migliore anche per il business.

D: È emblematico che accada tutto a due passi dalla Silicon Valley. Come dire che anche il cuore mondiale dell’hi-tech è a rischio, se non si cambia rotta…

R: È una questione di visione. In inglese abbiamo un modo di dire: “hindsight is 20/20”, ovvero, col senno di poi, la vista è perfetta: hai sempre venti ventesimi. Se i manager di quell’azienda energetica avessero scelto dieci anni fa di aggiornare le infrastrutture, ora non sarebbero in bancarotta. Ma all’epoca nessuno lo faceva. Il problema era proteggere gli stakeholder, gli azionisti... Il Papa direbbe che è un caso di miopia, ed è difficile dargli torto. Il business è importante. Ma anzitutto occorre proteggere il pianeta. È l’unico che abbiamo, per ora.

D: In che senso “per ora”?

R: Beh, ci sono miliardari come Richard Branson, Jeff Bezos e Elon Musk che si sono buttati anche sui viaggi spaziali. Musk vuole colonizzare Luna e Marte, Bezos ha lanciato il progetto Blue Origin, ma a me pare che vogliano conquistare lo spazio perché non sono ottimisti sul futuro della Terra. Invece di lavorare per salvarla, cercano vie di fuga. Musk è un visionario, per carità, un genio. Ma se lo avessi davanti adesso, gli direi: “ehi Elon, perché non ci dai una mano a curare il nostro pianeta, invece di pensare a come abbandonarlo?”.

D: Le faccio la domanda che anche lei fa a molti dei suoi intervistati: come vede il rapporto tra verde e blu tra dieci anni?

R: Di sicuro vedremo molti cambiamenti. E non è detto che siano tutti in meglio. C’è chi è convinto che sia troppo tardi, che il danno sia già stato fatto. Altri dicono che siamo ancora in tempo per invertire la rotta. Io non sono pessimista. Mi auguro che diventiamo più saggi e che l’uso dell’Intelligenza artificiale possa aiutare l’umanità anche in questo. Ma per arrivarci, dobbiamo deciderlo.

Covid and Philosophy

The recent pandemic concerning Covid-19 has taught us many lessons, on a global scale.

What has provoked my thinking most has to do with the “digital revolution”. New technologies are transforming so much of our lives every day. One technology, in particular, continues to capture headlines constantly, i.e., artificial intelligence.

Two realities emerge from the pandemic in terms of digital technology: one positive and one negative.

The positive aspect stemming from the pandemic has to do with the drastic increase in digital communication. Not being to meet personally or congregate as groups, we have been forced to communicate through digital means. The year 2020 will be known as the year of Zoom, Webex, Meets, and so on. It will be remembered as the year in which Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, became the richest person on the planet. The digital giants grew even more because of the various lockdowns around the globe.

Covid has taught us that “smart working” can (and will) replace so many dimensions of the normal workforce: so much, that we will probably never return to how things were before. Software companies are selling their physical buildings because they no longer will use them. Twitter has announced that all of their employees can work from home even after the state of emergency has been lifted.

The negative aspect coming from the experience of the pandemic has shown us the limits of digital technology. New technologies are not our present-day Messiahs. Just how a tiny, invisible clump of molecules wreaked havoc on the world boggles the mind. For all of our know-how and technological progress, an infinitely small virus taught us that we are still in the infant stage when it comes to biological organisms. Our finest minds and greatest scientists have not come up with an instant and effective cure.

Conquering this virus will take time, just like all things which are truly human.

There are simply no quick remedies and effortless solutions. Our bodies are not biological machines: they are so much more and so much more complex. So many promises and predictions have not panned out, and we are forced to recognize our fragile, yet supremely unique, biological make-up.

Philip Larrey, Ph.D.

At the Pontifical Lateran University a degree in Philosophy also valid in Italy

Grazie ad un accordo tra “l’Università del Papa” e l’Università degli Studi di Perugia

Uno dei grandi paradossi italiani accademici si sta superando: paesi asiatici, europei o americani, riconoscono i titoli delle facoltà e delle università ecclesiastiche, ma fino a poco tempo fa non lo faceva l’Italia.

Un decreto del presidente della Repubblica del 2019 ha risolto in parte questa situazione, stabilendo che siano riconosciuti dallo Stato italiano i titoli accademici di baccalaureato e di licenza delle facoltà pontificie per materie come la Teologia, Sacra Scrittura, Diritto Canonico, Liturgia, Spiritualità, Missiologia e Scienze Religiose.

Manca ancora oggi il riconoscimento degli studi delle facoltà ecclesiastiche di Filosofia.

Ma anche su questo ambito ci sono grandi cambiamenti all’orizzonte: un accordo firmato recentemente tra l’Università degli Studi di Perugia e l’Università Pontificia Lateranense.

Secondo l’accordo, le due università hanno istituito un programma di studi, congiunto e integrato, finalizzato al conseguimento del doppio titolo di Laurea Magistrale/Licenza.

Il doppio titolo è previsto dalle norme del “Processo di Bologna”, un impegno internazionale che regola la vita delle Università di 47 Paesi.

Nello specifico, si tratta della Laurea magistrale in “Filosofia ed Etica delle Relazioni”, rilasciata dall’Università degli Studi di Perugia, e della Licenza in “Filosofia” rilasciata dalla Pontificia Università Lateranense.

Le due università “si impegnano ad accogliere, iscrivere e formare gli studenti dell’altra istituzione e a seguirne gli studi, al fine di consentire loro il completamento del percorso formativo, e a rilasciare il rispettivo titolo di studio in conformità al proprio ordinamento universitario”.

Accordo Storico

“Si tratta di un traguardo storico, perché con questo accordo si riconoscono finalmente in Italia gli studi in Filosofia di una facoltà pontificia”,

spiega don Philip Larrey, appena nominato decano della Facoltà di Filosofia della Pontificia Università Lateranense. Giovanni Paolo II aveva battezzato la Lateranense come “l’Università del Papa” durante il trascorso di una visita alla sua sede, non solo perché è sita in territorio extraterritoriale, ma soprattutto perché giuridicamente dipende della Santa Sede.

Papa Francesco nel corso della sua visita il 31 ottobre 2019 ha invitato l’Università ad essere strumento di dialogo con la cultura contemporanea e le altre istituzioni accademiche. Su questo presupposto è nato l’accordo con Perugia.

“Il doppio titolo è anche una buona notizia per l’Italia, la cui vita accademica potrà arricchirsi con il contributo di laureati in Filosofia che hanno potuto beneficiare di un percorso formativo molto ricco, ispirato alla tradizione filosofica cristiana, che molti paesi nel mondo già riconoscono e invidiano”, aggiunge il decano.

 

Gli interessati all’iscrizione alla facoltà di Filosofia alla Pontificia Università Lateranense possono prenotare un colloquio virtuale in questa pagina web https://www.pul.it/it/immatricolazioni-e-iscrizioni-a-a-2020-2021/ o contattare direttamente il Decano di Filosofia: larrey@pul.va.

As Vatican Reopens, Delos Aligns with Humanity 2.0 Well Being to Implement the Vatican’s First Wellness Installation

Delos Aligns with Humanity 2.0 Well Being to Implement the Vatican’s First Wellness Installation into its Real Estate Portfolio at the Renowned Pontifical Orientale Institute

Historic implementation of Delos’ health and wellness interventions at the Vatican’s Orientale residences to support the well-being of residents and educate the Vatican network as it prepares to define guidelines for safeguarding health

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--In response to the coronavirus pandemic, Delos, a wellness real estate and technology company, has formed a collaboration with Humanity 2.0 Well Being and the Pontifical Orientale Institute to upgrade the Vatican’s Orientale’s residences with its evidence-based health and wellness technologies and solutions.

“Father Nazar and the Orientale have a heritage as pioneers, and this initial partnership is both a template and a catalyst for greater strategic collaboration with the Vatican at this defining time."

Rome and the Vatican are slowly emerging from lockdown, providing a critical window to help build health resilience, prevent disease and reduce viral transmission in houses, offices, parishes and school facilities through scientifically-supported technologies and solutions.

Delos, the trusted scientific authority on healthy buildings, has customized a program for the Pontifical Orientale Institute, which includes air purification and surface cleaning technology, circadian lighting and other evidence-based interventions designed to help support immune health, reduce stress, improve sleep quality and promote overall well-being.

In partnership with Humanity 2.0 Well Being, the wellness platform created in collaboration with the Vatican (Holy See), the Pontifical Orientale Institute was identified due to its rich history and innovative leadership, as well as vital role in convening global interfaith groups at the Vatican. Led by Rev. David Nazar, S.J, the Pontifical Oriental Institute was created by Pope Benedict XV in 1917, and is currently a school of higher studies that has as its particular mission the service of the Oriental Churches.

“The Catholic Church runs the largest governmental school system in the world, serving in over 100 countries - some over 1,000 years old - and runs one-quarter of the world's health care institutions,” said Father David Nazar, Rector of the Orientale. “Its preoccupation has always been the care of the entire person and of society. Recent information technology and wellness sciences have brought to the fore much-needed insights into humanizing the educational environment. Our students come from over 40 countries, many without deep resources, and student depression is an increasing phenomenon in a world that is struggling to find a common purpose. COVID-19 has shown us how fragile we are. With Delos and Humanity 2.0 Well Being, we will be implementing health and wellness tools that address these contemporary educational challenges, helping us continue our focus on strengthening the whole person- body, mind, and spirit. Pope Francis, with his focus on human ecology, has asked church institutions to show leadership. With Delos and Humanity 2.0 Well Being, the Orientale is doing just that.”

“We are honored to have been asked to customize our suite of research and technology solutions accrued over years into a first-of-its-kind program for the Pontifical Orientale Institute residences at this pivotal time,” said Paul Scialla, Founder and CEO of Delos. “We know that buildings have a profound impact on human health, but the current pandemic has magnified the essential need for evidence-based health interventions in the indoor environment, which are being shared with the Vatican and its global network.”

Given the Catholic Church’s global footprint, comprising 200,000 colleges, universities and other schools, 220,000 parishes, 117,000 nursing home and senior living facilities, and 10,000 orphanages in 196 countries, Delos’ Vatican program at the Orientale will be made available more widely to the Catholic Church to educate and shape institutional best practices.

“Through upgrading our educational buildings with health innovations, we are actually building human capacity at one of its most formative periods,” said Morad Fareed, CEO of Humanity 2.0 Well Being and a co-founder of Delos. “Father Nazar and the Orientale have a heritage as pioneers, and this initial partnership is both a template and a catalyst for greater strategic collaboration with the Vatican at this defining time.”

With the support of Pope Francis, and in conjunction with Fr. William Watson, S.J., vice president for advancement for the Orientale, the Orientale’s residences, offices, classrooms, and library/conference facilities were significantly upgraded in 2017- the 100th anniversary of the Institute. These same residences will now become the first residences in the Vatican to implement Delos’ technologies and solutions.

The collaboration with Delos and Humanity 2.0 Well Being is advanced by the Orientale’s initiative to upgrade the technology infrastructure for all Orientale classrooms to enable the most comprehensive distance learning capabilities of any papal university, made possible through a partnership with UBS partners James Mallahan and Mark Russo.

Delos is the founder of the International WELL Building Institute (IWBI), which created the WELL Building Standard™, currently being implemented in over 4,000 projects, surpassing 500 million square feet of wellness real estate in 61 countries. IWBI recently established a Task Force on Covid-19 and other respiratory infections - Co-Chaired by 17th Surgeon General of the United States Richard Carmona, Former Robert Wood Johnson Foundation President and CEO Dr. Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, UCLA’s Dr. Jonathan Fielding, and Harvard School of Public Health’s Joseph Allen – to advance the role of buildings in protecting and enhancing health.

About Delos
Delos is a wellness real estate and technology company with a mission to be the world’s leading catalyst for improving the health and well-being of people by improving the indoor environments where they live, work, sleep and play. Informed by more than seven years of research and rigorous analysis of environmental health impacts on people, Delos and its subsidiaries offer an array of evidence-based technology and solutions for the built environment. Delos is the founder of the International WELL Building Institute and the WELL Building Standard, the premier standard for buildings, interior spaces and communities seeking to implement, validate and measure features that support and advance human health and wellness. The International WELL Building Institute administers and continues WELL’s development and drives market adoption. Delos collaborated with the Mayo Clinic to create the Well Living Lab, a scientific research center that uses exclusively human-centered research to understand the interaction between health and well-being and indoor environments. The company’s advisory board is comprised of leading professionals across real estate, healthcare, government policy and sustainability, including the 17th Surgeon General of the United States Richard Carmona, UCLA’s Dr. Jonathan Fielding, renowned wellness luminary Deepak Chopra, and sustainability advocate Leonardo DiCaprio. For more information about Delos, please visit www.delos.com.

About Humanity 2.0 Well-Being
Humanity 2.0 was created to facilitate collaborative ventures between the historically siloed public, private, and faith-based sectors. Founded in 2018 in collaboration with the Dicastery for Integral Human Development at the Holy See (Vatican) led by His Eminence Cardinal Peter Turkson, the Humanity 2.0 Foundation has become a unique global force in its novel ability to identify important global initiatives, forge partnerships, and introduce scientific solutions for global impact. After two years of convenings in Vatican City with global luminaries from Ethics, Science, Health, and Technology, Humanity 2.0 Well Being was developed to focus more concretely on installing the world’s leading environmental and maternal wellness solutions throughout the Faith Sector and beyond. https://humanity2-0.org/

About the Pontifical Orientale Institute
The Mission of the Orientale is to pursue research, teaching, and publishing relating to the traditions of the Eastern Churches – a geography spanning from Russia to Ethiopia and from Italy to India - in their theology, liturgies, patristics, history, canon law, literature and languages, spirituality, archeology, and questions of ecumenical and geopolitical importance. The areas of primary concern today to the Orientale are the Middle East and the post-Soviet world. For more information about the Orientale, please visit https://orientale.it/en/

Contacts

Media
Jamie Matos
Delos
media@delos.com

Humanity 2.0 appoints Maurice Lévy to Advisory Board

Non-Profit assembling the world’s greatest strategic minds in collaboration with Holy See (Vatican) based impact initiatives.

VATICAN CITY, May 05, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Humanity 2.0 a Non-Profit (Non-Government Organization) focused on identifying and removing the most significant impediments to human flourishing in collaboration with the Holy See (Vatican), is proud to announce it has appointed Maurice Lévy to its advisory board which oversees the strategic and ethical direction of Humanity 2.0’s impact initiatives.

Matthew Sanders, CEO of Humanity 2.0 commented; “Maurice Lévy has led Publicis, the 3rd largest advertising and communications company in the world, with courage and integrity for decades and so we are honored he accepted a position on our board. His experience across so many sectors will be instrumental in ensuring we focus our resources in the most strategically impactful way.”

Humanity 2.0 Advisory Committee consists of 10 members: 
Maurice Lévy; Chairman of the Supervisory Board; Publicis Groupe
Bill Hilf; Chief Executive Officer; Vulcan
Tae Yoo; Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs and Corporate Social Responsibility; Cisco
Carlo D'Asaro Biondo; Former President - EMEA Partnerships; Google
Jean Oelwang; President & Trustee Virgin Unite & B Team; Senior Partner; Virgin
Jim Pitofsky; Managing Director, Strategic Alliances; John Templeton Foundation
Hilary Pennington; Executive Vice President for Program; Ford Foundation
Dinah McLeod; CEO; GCCA
Matt Bird; Chief Executive Officer; CommPro Worldwide

Fr. Philip Larrey; Chairman; Humanity 2.0

About Maurice Lévy
Maurice Lévy is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Publicis Groupe, the leader in business, marketing, and communications transformation. He joined Publicis in 1971 as IT Director and was appointed CEO of Publicis Conseil, the Groupe's flagship agency, in 1981. He was named CEO of Publicis Groupe in 1987, a role that he fulfilled for 30 years until being named Chairman of the Supervisory Board as of June 1, 2017. He was responsible for transforming Publicis from a great, French creative agency into a global leader, covering all segments of the advertising industry. With spectacular acquisitions such as Saatchi & Saatchi, Bcom3 (Leo Burnett, Starcom, Mediavest) Zenith or in the digital space with Digitas, Performics, Razorfish, Rosetta, and Sapient, today Publicis represents more than 80,000 talents, $10 billion in revenue, and is present in more than 104 countries. In 2016, to celebrate Publicis Groupe’s 90th anniversary, Maurice Lévy was determined to look to the future rather than the past, keeping in line with Publicis’ pioneering spirit. The result was two initiatives – Publicis90, through which Publicis Groupe invested in 90 promising startups, and Viva Technology Paris, a global event dedicated to the collaboration between large companies and startups. Widely recognized as a leading figure in the communications industry, Mr. Lévy also co-founded the French Brain Institute (ICM) in 2005 and serves as the Chairman of the board for several entities, including the International Board of Governors for the Peres Center for Peace. In 2015, he was appointed Chairman of the Pasteur-Weizmann Institute. Mr. Lévy has been honored with numerous distinctions and accolades for his contributions to media, business leadership, tolerance, and peace. Mr. Lévy holds the distinctions of Commandeur of the French Légion d’Honneur and Grand Officier of the Ordre National du Mérite.

About Humanity 2.0

Humanity 2.0 a Non-Profit (Non-Government Organization) focused on identifying and removing the most significant impediments to human flourishing in collaboration with the Holy See (Vatican). A vehicle for facilitating collaborative ventures between the traditionally siloed public, private and faith-based sectors. Its mission is to identify impediments to human flourishing and then work collaboratively across sectors to remove them by sourcing and scaling bold and innovative solutions. Developed in collaboration with the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development at the Holy See and a consortium of leaders and luminaries, Humanity 2.0 seeks to unite humanity in the common cause of realizing a better world for our children.

For more information please visit:

www.humanity2-0.org | Facebook Twitter LinkedIn

Contacts

Humanity 2.0 Communications:
Matt Bird
Advisory Board Member
P: +1 646.401.4499
E: matt@commpro.com

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at https://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/4266118a-43c3-43bb-9a2e-39630dad5abb.

The RATZINGER Award 2019

Saturday 9 November 2019 at 12.00 in the Clementine Hall, the Holy Father Francis will confer the RATZINGER AWARD.

Please Click Here to view the program of the Event Premio RATZINGER 2019

Fr. Philip Larrey is one of the many guests invited to this exclusive gathering.

The Vatican Foundation, established by Pope Benedict XVI in March 2010, aims at scientific and cultural goals aimed at promoting the study of theology, with particular reference to Sacred Scripture, Patristics and the Sacred Arts.

The Foundation actively collaborates with the Joseph Ratzinger-Papst Benedikt XVI - Stiftung of Munich and with the Institut Papst Benedikt XVI in Regensburg.

The aims of the Foundation are mainly:
1. The promotion of the study of theology, through the assignment of scholarships.
2. The organization of conferences of high cultural and scientific value. This year the conference took place at the Catholic University Pázmány Péter in Budapest, on the theme "The economic, social and spiritual situation of the countries of Central Europe in the light of the Social Doctrine of the Church", on 8 and 9 October.
3. The awarding of scholars who have distinguished themselves for particular merits in the activity of publication, in scientific research, or in artistic production:
• 2011 Rev.do Prof. Olegario González de Cardedal - Rev. Maximilian Heim, O.Cist. - Prof. Manlio Simonetti
• 2012 P. Brian Edward Daley S.J. - Prof. Rémi Brague
• 2013 Rev.do Prof. Richard Burridge - Dr. Christian Schaller
• 2014 Rev.do Prof. Waldemar Chrostowski - Prof. Anne-Marie Pelletier
• 2015 P. Mário De França Miranda S.J. - Prof. Nabil El-Khoury
• 2016 Mons. Prof. Inos Biffi - Prof. Ioannis Kourempeles
• 2017 Prof. Theodor Dieter - Rev. Prof. Karl-Heinz Menke - M ° Arvo Pärt
• 2018 Prof. Marianne Schlosser - Arch. Mario Botta

European Computer Science Summit 2019

The 15th European Computer Science Summit (ECSS 2019) is coming up and will be held in Rome from 28 to 30 October at NH Collection Roma Centro.

This year's edition focuses on the theme: 'Social Responsibility of Informatics'.

The conference this year will have a renewed and enriched format consisting of the main summit of three days composed of several complementary events and sessions. Among the main events are the Workshop for Leaders of Informatics Research and Education, the Workshop of the WIRE working group and the Workshop on Bridging the Digital Talent Gap in Europe, organized by Informatics Europe in partnership with the European Commission DG CONNECT.The conference will be co-organised by the International Research Area on Foundations of the Sciences of the Pontifical Lateran University and held at the Hotel NH Collection Roma Centro.

The Summit is the only event, once a year, where leaders and decision-makers in Informatics, research, and education in Europe gather to debate strategic themes and trends related to research, education, and policies in Informatics. 

The last years have clearly shown that Informatics is not anymore only a solid and pervasive scientific discipline with a huge potential for technological innovation, but it is also deeply affecting the fabric of our society. More and more, informatics systems automatically control our lives, regulate our personal and social relations, and take decisions directly affecting ourselves, other people and the whole society. This situation is often perceived completely only when something wrong happens. The literature includes a significant number of situations where technical problems, software bugs in many cases, have caused significant incidents with loss of money and human lives. Moreover, the experience is showing that the more we increase the power and autonomy of our informatics systems, the more the criticality of incidents increases.

Scientists and technologists cannot forget being first of all human beings, and - as such - cannot forget about the social impact of their science and technology. This has been true at least since Hippocrates introduced the Oath which became the reference code of ethics for physicians. Now Computer Scientists find themselves in a similar situation. In fact, while the increasing automation offered by informatics could allow humankind to achieve huge possibilities of progress, it could also dramatically affect not only everybody's quality of life but also the fundamental rights of individuals and society.

It is, therefore, becoming mandatory that our scientific community reflects on the "Social Responsibility of Informatics" and makes sure that this "social responsibility" perspective is more and more integrated into our teaching and research.

During the ECSS, prominent academics, industry leaders and decision-makers discuss the importance of responsibility assigned to us by unbelievably powerful technology, offering food for thought in state-of-the-art lectures, an engaging panel discussion and examples of successful stories.

Keynote Speakers:

Panelists:

Why attend?

Speakers

ECSS speakers are always among the world`s most distinguished academics, industry leaders and decision-makers in the field. The event never fails to inspire and stimulate the audience.

Workshops

Learn directly from your peers. Share best practices, common challenges and proven strategies for improving the quality of research and education in Informatics at the ECSS workshops (LeadersWIRE and Talent Gap).

Network

Meet some of the leading decision-makers in Informatics research and education and discuss the critical issues of the discipline. Build valuable relationships with department heads, deans, policymakers, industry and other leaders in the field.

 

To learn more about this event, ECSS 2019 quick links:

Towards Data Science: Artificial Inhumanity

A few months ago, Fr Philip Larrey published his book called “Artificial Humanity”. It discusses the need for developing humane Artificial Intelligence (AI).

In this article, we will explain what would happen if we have an inhumane AI.

Inhuman — “lacking human qualities of compassion and mercy; cruel and barbaric.”

Click Here to read this article.

This article by Prof. Alexiei Dingli was inspired by “Artificial Humanity — An Essay on the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence by Fr Philip Larrey.

Prof Alexiei Dingli is a Professor of AI at the University of Malta. He has been conducting research and working in the field of AI for more than two decades, assisting different companies to implement AI solutions. His work has been rated World Class by international experts and he won several local and international awards (such as those by the European Space Agency, the World Intellectual Property Organization, and the United Nations to name a few). He has published several peer-reviewed publications and forms part of the Malta.AI task-force which was set up by the Maltese government, aimed at making Malta one of the top AI countries in the world.

Artificial Intelligence: Ethics and Algorithmic Biases

Artificial intelligence applications increasingly shape the societies and opportunities of their citizens. While it is argued that applications can be of great benefit to humanity, there is also evidence of risk. Recently there have been cases of distorted and discriminatory outcomes of artificial intelligence technologies, which illustrate how ethical problems and negative social impacts can be integrated into the criteria and design of artificial intelligence applications and decision-making systems based on algorithms. Algorithmic prejudices have consequences on real-life and as society moves more and more towards forms and applications of algorithmic decision, a more urgent request to understand and face these prejudices is emerging.

Ursula von der Leyen, in presenting the new course of the European Commission she led, expressed her commitment to new legislation for a coordinated European approach to the human and ethical implications of artificial intelligence. The Innovation Ministers participating in the multi-stakeholder conference on G7 Artificial Intelligence state that

Artificial Intelligence should focus on enabling environments that promote social trust and responsible AI adoption to build on a common vision centered on man.

The announced European legislation could be a pioneer of a coordinated effort towards international regulation of the frenetic developments of AI. There are many challenges that can be made for this legislative effort, at a local and international level.

How to balance technological development and regulation in a region without tightening global competition? How to legislate on a technological development that does not yet exist? And what technical solutions should be adopted to regulate this evolution? Should these solutions be shared and standardized nationally or globally?

More importantly, when political, economic, cultural, and social differences seem to lead to very different interpretations of the values that these artificial intelligence applications should incorporate, a more fundamental discussion emerges about the global social consequences that such diversity would entail.

Many events concerning Artificial Intelligence are scheduled from here to the end of the year.

One of these is in fact the "Artificial Intelligence: Ethics and Algorithmic Biases", which will take place:

Monday 21 October
from 10.30 to 12.30
at the John Cabot University
Piazza Giuseppe Gioachino Belli 11, Rome

Participating in the round table are:

  • Francesco Lapenta, Director of John Cabot University Institute of Future and Innovation Studies
  • Kai Härmand, Undersecretary Ministry of Justice - Estonia
  • Irene Sardellitti, European Commission
  • Alexey Malanov, Antivirus expert, Kaspersky
  • Corrado Giustozzi, cybersecurity expert of the Agency for Digital Italy for the development of CERT-PA
  • Massimo Buscema, Semeion Institute
  • Fabio Filocamo, Managing Director of Dnamis, Author of "2081 - Technologies, Humans, Future"
  • Andrea Gilli, Senior Researcher, NATO Defense College
  • Ann-Sophie Leonard, Mercator Fellow, NATO Defense College
  • Luca Baraldi, Cultural Diplomacy Advisor Energy Way and promoter Manifesto of sensitive rationality
  • Philip Larrey, Chair of Logic and Epistemology, Author of "Connected World" & "Artificial Humanity"
  • Amedeo Cesta, Research Director at CNR-ISTC
  • Sébastien Bratières, Director of Artificial Intelligence at Translated
  • Ansgar Koene, Senior Research Fellow: ReEnTrust, UnBias & Horizon Policy Impact, Horizon Digital Economy Research Institute, University of Nottingham, Chair for IEEE Standard on Algorithm Bias Considerations
  • Alina Sorgner, Professor of Applied Data Analytics, John Cabot University

Dignity and the Future of Work in the Age the 4th Industrial Revolution

Fr. Philip Larrey was invited to a small, private gathering of luminaries at Casina Pio IV in Vatican City. The debate was on how to promote the dignity of work in the face of its hybridization in the digital economy. Many others were the topics taken into consideration and discussed.

“Nor shall we allow the charm of success to seduce us, or we shall be like a foolish traveler who is so distracted by the pleasant meadows through which he is passing that he forgets where he is going”.
(St. Gregory the Great, Homily, 14)

Concept and Theme of the Debate

The massive irruption of automation in the production process, although not a new phenomenon, is advancing with particular intensity in what has been called the Fourth Industrial Revolution, based on the knowledge and information economy and the accelerated transmission of data and digital flows throughout the planet. We are witnessing a transition where, as Pope Francis has pointed out, the phenomena of accelerating the time of productive processes coincide with the phenomena of the irruption of technology as a central piece of social changes. 

It is not science fiction. The International Federation of Robotics is predicting that by the end of 2018 there will be 35 million units of robots sharing our domestic life. Their sales will grow at a rate of 30% annually. Of the current 10% share of robots in the world’s manufacturing process, it will grow to no less than 25% in 2025, increasing productivity by 30%, reducing labor costs by one third, and lowering the price by no less than 20% of the most advanced robots. 

Between 20 and 50% of current occupations run the risk of being automated in the next decade – according to the somewhat different estimates of the Oxford University, the World Bank, the IDB, the ILO or the OECD. Such a phenomenon is no stranger to increasing inequalities and wage polarization. 

The available scientific evidence also indicated that not only the emergence of more “hard” skills among workers will be necessary – in mathematical sciences or programming – but also of more “soft” abilities where empathy, emotional intelligence, intuition, and creativity, are key to the development of services and a new universal network of personal care.

Facing this scenario, one cannot lose sight of the centrality of the human being, within a framework of integral development, which constitutes a fundamental premise when ad-dressing this phenomenon.

This Seminar is inspired by the call of Pope Francis, who invites us to analyze every dimension of this problem based on the inescapable importance of the dignity of human work: A certain way of understanding human life and activity has gone awry, to the serious detriment of the world around us.

Should we not pause and consider this? At this stage, I propose that we focus on the dominant technocratic paradigm and the place human beings and of human action in the world (Laudato Si, 101).

From this perspective, multiple scenarios coexist on the horizon. On one hand, the emergence of new technologies, being put at the service of integral human development, can contribute to improving situations of climate change, health, education, and productivity. On the other, the emergence of robotization and automation phenomena establishes the danger of displacing current jobs, deepening the problem of unemployment, inequality, and hollowing out of our societies, where we see that the increased revenues of technology are being concentrated in the capital side and not on the workers.

This new techno-social inclusion requires the rethinking of the model of still prevailing social order, that should contribute to sustainable solutions instead of deepening, as Pope Francis says, the “throw-away culture”, through technology, particularly serious in the existential peripheries of both the developed and the non-developed countries. The present Seminar intends to tackle these questions from an interdisciplinary perspective, encouraging a holistic, multifaceted and inclusive approach, which incorporates the human dimension as an illuminator of all perspectives of the future of work, in pursuit of the common good and the construction of an integral and sustainable human development.